Landmark Society of Homer NY

Architectural Styles

Victorian Styles

Eastlake or Stick Style 1860-1890

Stick Style is not so much as an architectural style as a decorative one. Stick style houses are tall with steep roofs and broad eaves supported by brackets. Their main characteristic is the use of the wall surface as a decorative element, with horizontal, vertical, and diagonal linear stylistic facings that create a look reminiscent of half-timber construction.

Stoddard House
On the corner of Main and Clinton is Homer's most famous Queen Anne, designed by Archimedes Russell, a well-known architect from Syracuse. This house also incorporates the linear board trim of Stick Style.

However, Russell did not eschew ornamentation. In fact, due to the use of his favorite motif through-out the exterior and interior of the house, it is known as The Sunflower House.

Stick Style itself can be rather severe, but it is rare to find a structure that is strictly Stick Style. The linear elements, as demonstrated by many of the photos on this site, can be found on Italianate and Queen Anne homes where they were further embellished with design elements promoted by Charles Eastlake. Frets, friezes, lattice, brackets and fretwork, as well as the balustraded front porch, were used with abandon.


Queen Anne Style 1880-1910

The Queen Anne style is what most people think of as the quintessential Victorian house, although it has no connection at all with Queen Anne herself, who reigned from 1702 until 1714.

The open, spacious porch is one of the main features of Queen Anne style, which makes them look even larger than they actually may be. Adorned with gingerbread trim, brackets, ornate spindles, spandrels, intricate balusters, stained and leaded glass windows, frequently framed by Stick Style fascia, the Queen Anne is the wedding cake of Victorian architecture. Some Queen Annes also featured towers, cupolas or gazebos. Queen Anne houses can be seen along Main, Clinton and Elm Streets.

7 Elm St.

This Queen Anne at 7 Elm St. uses a variety of patterns, textures, and forms to produce a picturesque, complex house. Note the intersecting gables, bay windowed tower, porch, stained glass windows and shingles in numerous shapes and sizes.

16 N. Main St. Homer

16 N. Main Street is a fascinating example of a turn of the century pic-turesque house based on the Queen Anne style.

Many of the details are a translation of Victorian Baroque forms into what was thought to be a Colonial idiom, e.g. the Corinthian columns, the balustrades, and the Sheraton fans at the second floor opening.

Photo Gallery: Victorian

Click on photos for larger view / click on right side of photo to advance

  • 1890 Victorian that had been stripped of details and aluminum sided before being sensitively restored to glory with period appropriate porches and trim.
  • A detail of the trim on Archimedes Russell’s “Sunflower House”, shown above. The house is painted with 14 colors appropriate to the era.
  • Eastlake Queen Anne built in 1880 with chamfered windows and leaded glass panes.
  • Detail of 2nd story. Note the Eastlake influence in the balustrades and the imbricated fishscale shingles above the clapboard.
  • Dating to 1885, the plans for this house were likely purchased from architect Archimedes Russell. Note the neoclassical influence in the trim details. (The stained glass windows in the front doors include something rare in the Victorian era – nudity.)
  • This Queen Anne dates to 1895. Originally the house had an Eastlake porch. It does, however, still retain many other Victorian era details.
  • The gable features a floriated palmette set in a bed of leafy branches
  • This Queen Anne Victorian, built c. 1885, has a three-story barn. Although it appears to be another of the many two-story Victorian era carriage houses found in Homer, this one has a basement level that was used to stable horses.
  • One of many other c. 1880 Victorians you'll find throughout the wider Homer township.